Located in the northeast section of the state, Pendleton was named after George Hunt Pendleton, a 1864 Democratic candidate for vice president. Also known as "The Round-Up City" because of its 100+ year old Pendleton Round-Up held the first full week in September, the city is the county seat of Umatilla County. The town is the cultural center of Eastern Oregon; Pendleton's Old Town is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The city limits border the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR). It is situated centrally in close proximity to Portland, Oregon; Boise, Idaho; Pasco-Kennewick-Richland, Washington; and Spokane, Washington.
The estimated median household income in 2012 was $48,665 (compared to $36,800 in 2000). Estimated median household income in 2012 was $20,066 ($17,551 in 2000).
2013: 16,935 (98% urban, 2% rural)
Population change since 2000: +3.6%
Median resident age: 36.9 years
Oregon median age: 36.8 years
Median housing cost: $745
Pendleton is located on both sides of the Umatilla River, in the Pacific time zone (UTC-8). The area zip code is 97801. Latitude is 45.672N. Longitude is -118.787W. Elevation is 1,216 feet above sea level. The city claims a total area of 10.52 square miles. 2010 Population per square mile reported at 1,580. Pendleton boasts almost 200 days of sunshine each year, in a semi-arid climate with short, cool winters and hot summers.
|Average July High Temperature||88||86.5|
|Average January Low Temperature||26||20.5|
|Comfort Index (higher = better)||64||44|
Pendleton gets 14 inches of rain each year; snowfall is 17 inches. The US average rainfall is 37 inches; the average US city gets 25 inches of snow per year. The number of days with any measurable precipitation is 87.